Full Form of hardware and networking devices

In Comptia N+ or A+ exam you may have a question asking for full form. Beside exam in networking world we have to face several situation where need the extended or complete form of abbreviated form. Here we tried to list few most of them with their full form.

AC alternating current

ACPI     advanced configuration and power interface

ACT      activity

ADSL    asymmetrical digital subscriber line

AGP      accelerated graphics port

AMD     advanced micro devices

AMR     audio modem riser

APIPA  automatic private internet protocol addressing

APM     advanced power management

ARP      address resolution protocol

ASR      automated system recovery

AT  advanced technology

ATA      advanced technology attachment

ATAPI  advanced technology attachment packet interface

ATM     asynchronous transfer mode

ATX      advanced technology extended

BIOS     basic input/output system

BNC      Bayonet-Neill-Concelman or British Navel Connector

BRI basic rate interface

BTX      balanced technology extended

CCD      charged coupled device

CD compact disc

CD-ROM     compact disc-read-only memory

CD-RW compact disc-rewritable

CDFS    compact disc file system

CMOS   complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

CNR      communication network riser

COM1   communication port 1

CPU      central processing unit

CRIMM continuity-rambus inline memory module

CRT      cathode-ray tube

DAC     discretionary access control

DB-25   serial communications D-shell connector, 25 pins

DB-9     9 pin D shell connector

DC direct current

DDOS   distributed denial of service

DDR     double data-rate

DDR RAM  double data-rate random access memory

DDR SDRAM    double data-rate synchronous dynamic random access memory

DFS       distributed file system

DHCP   dynamic host configuration protocol

DIMM   dual inline memory module

DIN       Deutsche Industrie Norm

DIP dual inline package

DLT      digital linear tape

DLP      digital light processing

DMA     direct memory access

DNS      domain name service or domain name server

DOS      disk operating system or denial of service

DPMS   display power management signaling

DRAM  dynamic random access memory

DSL      digital subscriber line

DVD     digital video disc or digital versatile disc

DVD-RAM  digital video disc-random access memory

DVD-ROM  digital video disc-read only memory

DVD-R digital video disc-recordable

DVD-RW    digital video disc-rewritable

DVI       digital visual interface

ECC      error correction code

ECP       extended capabilities port

EEPROM     electrically erasable programmable read-only memory

EFS       encrypting file system

EIDE     enhanced integrated drive electronics

EISA     extended industry standard architecture

EMI       electromagnetic interference

EMP      electromagnetic pulse

EPROM erasable programmable read-only memory

EPP       enhanced parallel port

ERD      emergency repair disk

ESD      electrostatic discharge

ESDI     enhanced small device interface

EVGA   extended video graphics adapter/array

EVDO   evolution data optimized or evolution data only

FAT      file allocation table

FAT12  12-bit file allocation table

FAT16  16-bit file allocation table

FAT32  32-bit file allocation table

FDD      floppy disk drive

FERPA  Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

Fn   Function (referring to the function key on a laptop)

FPM      fast page-mode

FRU      field replaceable unit

FT  P file transfer protocol

FQDN   fully qualified domain name

GB  gigabyte

GDI       graphics device interface

GHz      gigahertz

GUI       graphical user interface

GPRS    general packet radio system

GSM     global system for mobile communications

HAL      hardware abstraction layer

HCL      hardware compatibility list

HDD     hard disk drive

HDMi   high definition media interface

HPFS    high performance file system

HTML   hypertext markup language

HTTP    hypertext transfer protocol

HTTPS  hypertext transfer protocol over secure sockets layer

I/O  input/output

ICMP    internet control message protocol

ICS internet connection sharing

ICR intelligent character recognition

IDE integrated drive electronics

IEEE     Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IIS  Internet Information Services

IMAP    internet mail access protocol

IP   internet protocol

IPCONFIG   internet protocol configuration

IPP internet printing protocol

IPSEC   internet protocol security

IPX internetwork packet exchange

IPX/SPX      internetwork packet exchange/sequenced packet exchange

IR   infrared

IrDA     Infrared Data Association

IRQ       interrupt request

ISA industry standard architecture

ISDN     integrated services digital network

ISO Industry Standards Organization

ISP internet service provider

KB kilobyte

LAN      local area network

LBA      logical block addressing

LC  Lucent connector

LCD      liquid crystal display

LDAP    lightweight directory access protocol

LED      light emitting diode

LIP or LiPoly lithium-ion polymer

Li-on     lithium-ion

LPD/LPR     line printer daemon / line printer remote

LPT       line printer terminal

LPT1     line printer terminal 1

LPX      low profile extended

LVD      low voltage differential

MAC     media access control

MAN     metropolitan area network

MAPI    messaging application programming interface

Mb megabit

MB megabyte

MBR     master boot record

MBSA   Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

MCR     multivariate curve resolution

MFD     multi-function device

MFP      multi-function product

MHz      megahertz

MicroDIMM       micro dual inline memory module

MIDI     musical instrument digital interface

MIME   multipurpose internet mail extension

MLI       multiple link interface

MMC    Microsoft management console

MMX    multimedia extensions

MP3      Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 3 Audio

MPEG   Moving Picture Experts Group

MSCONFIG Microsoft configuration

MSDS   material safety data sheet

MUI      multilingual user interface

NAS      network-attached storage

NAT      network address translation

NetBIOS      networked basic input/output system

NetBEUI      networked basic input/output system extended user interface

NFS       network file system

NIC       network interface card

NiCd     nickel cadmium

NiMH   nickel metal hydride

NLI not logged in or natural language interface

NLX      new low-profile extended

NNTP   network news transfer protocol

NTFS    new technology file system

NTLDR new technology loader

NWLINK     Netware Link

OCR      optical character recognition

OEM     original equipment manufacturer

OMR     optical mark recognition

OS  operating system

OSR      original equipment manufacturer service release

PAN      personal area network

PATA   parallel advanced technology attachment

PC  personal computer

PCI peripheral component interconnect

PCIe      peripheral component interconnect express

PCIX     peripheral component interconnect extended

PCL       printer control language

PCMCIA      Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PDA      personal digital assistant

PGA      pin grid array

PGA2    pin grid array 2

PIN personal identification number

PKI public key infrastructure

PnP plug and play

POP       post office protocol

POP3     post office protocol 3

POST    power-on self test

POTS    plain old telephone service

PPP point-to-point protocol

PPTP     point-to-point tunneling protocol

PRI primary rate interface

PROM   programmable read-only memory

PS/2      Personal System/2 connector

PSTN    public switched telephone network

PVC      permanent virtual circuit

PXE      preboot execution environment

QoS       quality of service

RAID    redundant array of independent (or inexpensive) discs

RAM     random access memory

RAS      remote access service

RBAC   role-based access control or rule-based access control

RDRAM      RAMBUS dynamic random access memory

RF  radio frequency

RFI radio frequency interference

RGB      red green blue

RIMM   RAMBUS inline memory module

RIP routing information protocol

RIS remote installation service

RISC     reduced instruction set computer

RJ   registered jack

RJ-11    registered jack function 11

RJ-45    registered jack function 45

RMA     returned materials authorization

ROM     read only memory

RS-232 or RS-232C  recommended standard 232

RTC      real-time clock

SAN      storage area network

SATA   serial advanced technology attachment

SC  subscription channel

SCSI      small computer system interface

SCSI ID small computer system interface identifier

SD  card secure digital card

SDRAM       synchronous dynamic random access memory

SEC       single edge connector

SFC       system file checker

SGRAM       synchronous graphics random access memory

SIMM   single inline memory module

SLI scalable link interface or system level integration or scanline interleave mode

SMB      server message block or small to midsize business

SMTP    simple mail transport protocol

SNMP   simple network management protocol

SoDIMM     small outline dual inline memory module

SOHO   small office/home office

SP   service pack

SP1 service pack 1

SP2 service pack 2

SPDIF   Sony-Philips digital interface format

SPGA    staggered pin grid array

SPX       sequenced package exchange

SRAM   static random access memory

SSH       secure shell

SSID     service set identifier

SSL secure sockets layer

ST  straight tip

STP       shielded twisted pair

SVGA   super video graphics array

SXGA   super extended graphics array

TB  terabyte

TCP       transmission control protocol

TCP/IP  transmission control protocol/internet protocol

TDR      time domain reflectometer

TFTP     trivial file transfer protocol

UART   universal asynchronous receiver transmitter

UDF      user defined functions or universal disk format or universal data format

UDMA  ultra direct memory access

UDP      user datagram protocol

UL  Underwriter’s Laboratory

UNC     universal naming convention

UPS       uninterruptible power supply

URL      uniform resource locator

USB      universal serial bus

USMT   user state migration tool

UTP      unshielded twisted pair

UXGA  ultra extended graphics array

VESA   Video Electronics Standards Association

VFAT   virtual file allocation table

VGA     video graphics array

VoIP     voice over internet protocol

VPN      virtual private network

VRAM  video random access memory

WAN    wide area network

WAP     wireless application protocol

WEP     wired equivalent privacy

WIFI     wireless fidelity

WINS    windows internet name service

WLAN  wireless local area network

WPA     wireless protected access

WUXGA      wide ultra extended graphics array

XGA     extended graphics array

ZIF zero-insertion-force

ZIP zigzag inline package

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